A to Z of Algeria

Algerian Sahara with Expert Algeria travel agency The People's Democratic Republic of Algeria is a vast country - the world's tenth largest nation, and although we have an extensive Mediterranean coastline, 90 per cent of our land is desert.

There are the towering dunes of the great eastern sand sea, the Grand Erg Oriental; the ochres, greens, blues and whites of the pentapolis town of Ghardaia and the "one-eyed women" of Beni Isguen; the thousand-domed city of El Oued with its extra-ordinary camel market; and the isolated, intoxicating tranquility of the deep south - whether its Djanet and the Tassili or Algerian Sahara with Expert Algeria travel agency Tamanrasset and the Hoggar.

But we are equally proud of the cultural treasures of our towns and cities... and perhaps even prouder of our UNESCO World Heritage sites.

Below and opposite you will find an alphabetical list of many of the sites that Expert Algeria visits in Algeria.

Algiers
Expert Algeria
One of the Mediterranean's most mesmerising cities, a captivating fusion of faded French grandeur and neo-Moorish folly crowned by a legendary casbah.
Annaba
Expert Algeria
Annaba is famed for its colonial architecture, the rugged headland of Cap de Garde and the extensive ruins of St Augustine's Hippo Regius.
Beni Hammad
Expert Algeria
Set in a mountainous site of extraordinary beauty, the ruins of the first capital of the Hammadid emirs provide an authentic picture of a fortified Muslim city.
Beni Isguen
Expert Algeria
Beni Isguen is a highly religious settlement that has keenly preserved its ancient mores and architecture, which foreigners are kindly asked to respect.
Constantine
Ghardaia
Constantine, "Capital of Arab Culture", boasts an excellent museum as well as the delightful Palace of Ahmed Bey and a handful of undiscovered mosques.
Biskra
Expert Algeria
The oasis town of Biskra, famous for its Tolga dates, gives a first taste of the Sahara desert and was once a fortified outpost of the Roman empire.
Djanet
Expert Algeria
Djanet lies in the extreme south of the Sahara, a land of strange rock formations, huge dunes, ksars, oases, palm groves, gueltas and natural springs.
Djemila
Expert Algeria
One of the world's most beautiful Roman ruins, the streets of Djemila are lined with two fora and a clutch of elaborate houses, churches and temples.
El Oued
Expert Algeria
The "city of a thousand domes" is one of the most bustling and colourful towns to be found anywhere in the Algerian Sahara - especially on market day!
Essendilene
Expert Algeria
A remote canyon in the heart of the Sahara with sheer-sided cliffs, dense vegetation... and the crystal-clear waters of a desert stream.
Ghardaia
Expert Algeria
Four hundred miles south of Algiers, in a hostile natural environment, the Mozabites have managed to construct a society that is strict but close-knit, devout but not fundamentalist.
Hippo Regius
Expert Algeria
The ruins of ancient Hippo Regius are among the most evocative in Algeria, stretching across a rolling site and overlooked by the colonial Basilica of St Augustine.
Hoggar
Expert Algeria
To climb to the peak of Assekrem in the Hoggar desert as night falls is to witness one of the Algerian Sahara's most beautiful sunsets.
Lambaesis
Expert Algeria
Ancient Lambaesis boasts a Temple of Aesculapius, a fine Capitolium, a set of baths, an Arch of Severus and the praetorium of the Third Augustan Legion
M'Zab
Expert Algeria
The M'Zab, located nearly four hundred miles south of the capital Algiers and 750 miles north of Tamanrasset, capital of the Hoggar, is the absolute centre of the desert.
Madauros
Expert Algeria
The little-known ruins of Madauros were once the home of Apuleius, author of the bawdy Golden Ass, include a Roman mausoleum and a vast Byzantine fortress.
Oran
Expert Algeria
Relaxed, dynamic and Mediterranean, Oran is the home of Rai, Yves Saint Laurent and a strong Spanish population, with some fine colonial architecture.
Rhouffi
Expert Algeria
A canyon between the mountains and desert lined with gardens of fruit and palm trees, a wadi and houses built into the rock face.
Sahara
Expert Algeria
From the rock arches, gueltas and immense dunes of Tadrart, to the ancient kingdom of the M'Zab, the vast expanses of the Algerian Sahara intoxicate every visitor.
Tadrart
Expert Algeria
Once visited by the explorer Isabelle Eberhardt and the naturalist Théodore Monod, the Tadrart is dotted with gueltas, pre-historic rock paintings, strange rock formations and virgin dunes.
Taghit
Expert Algeria
The desert town of Taghit is known for its mountainous dunes and 11th century ksar. Close by are the rock carvings of Tahtania, perhaps up to 20,000 years old.
Tamanrasset
Expert Algeria
The Tuareg capital of "Tam" is close to the massive volcanic field of Atakor, the jagged Saharan peak of Tizouyag and the guelta of Afilal.
Tassili
Expert Algeria
Algeria's mountainous Tassili region is distinguished by its towering dunes of sand, its sheer-sided canyons and its beguiling "forests of rock".
Tebessa
Expert Algeria
The frontier town of Tebessa boasts some impressive Roman ruins as well as a colourful old French market and a warren of animated streets.
Tiddis
Expert Algeria
Roman Tiddis clings in splendid isolation to the side of an ochre mountain just outside Constantine, and boasts all the trappings of a Roman town in miniature.
Timgad
Expert Algeria
Timgad, the "Pompeii of Africa", was constructed under Trajan as a bulwark against the Berbers and still represents the epitome of Roman urban planning.
Timimoun
Expert Algeria
Deep in the Grand Erg Occidental, an enchanting oasis of red mud buildings studded with wooden spikes and surrounded by ancient villages.
Tipasa
Expert Algeria
Mediterranean Tipasa, once such an inspiration to Albert Camus, houses Phoenician, Roman, paleo-Christian and Byzantine remains.
Tlemcen
Expert Algeria
Tlemcen was once one of the most powerful cities in the Maghreb, and its Grand Mosque remains one of North Africa's most significant Islamic landmarks.